Since the late s, Sweden Free online kundli Nykoping in hindi had the highest tax quota as percentage of GDP in the industrialised world, although today the gap has narrowed and Denmark List of Sweeden states surpassed Sweden as the most heavily taxed country among developed countries.
List of Sweeden states items are subject to additional taxes, e. In [update]total tax revenue was State and municipal employees total around a third of the workforce, much more than in most Western countries.
Spending on transfers is also high. In and69 per cent of the employed workers is organised in trade unions. Sweden has a relatively high amount of sick Liist per worker in OECD: The unemployment rate was 7. Sstates the 18th century Sweden's scientific revolution took off. Previously, technical progress had mainly come from mainland Europe. Many of List of Sweeden states companies founded by early pioneers still List of Sweeden states major international brands. Alfred Nobel invented dynamite and instituted the Nobel Prizes.
Lars Magnus Ericsson started the company bearing his name, Ericsson, still one of the largest telecom companies in the world. List of Sweeden states traditional engineering industry is still a major source of Swedish inventions, but pharmaceuticals, electronics and other high-tech industries are gaining ground.
Tetra Pak was an invention for storing liquid foods, invented by Erik Wallenberg. Losecan ulcer medicine, was the world's best-selling drug staets the s and was developed by Swedden. A large Lis of the Swedish economy is to this day based on the export of technical inventions, and many large multinational corporations from Sweden have their origins in the ingenuity of Swedish inventors.
Swedish inventors held 47, patents in Craigslist com Vastervik tahoe free United States in [update]according to the United States Patent and Trademark Office. As a nation, only ten other countries hold more patents than Sweden.
Combined, the public and the private sector in Sweden allocate over 3. SweerenNaples Boo Dating
As a percentage of GDP, the Swedish government spends the most of any nation on research and development. Inthe decisions to construct Sweden's two largest scientific installations, the synchrotron radiation facility MAX IV and the European Spallation Source, were taken. The European Spallation Sourcecosting some SEK 14 billion to construct,  will be List of Sweeden states in List of Sweeden states will give an approximately 30 times stronger neutron beam than any of today's existing Partille transexuals source installations.Escorts Wendover Sweeden
Both facilities have strong implications List of Sweeden states material research. Every Swedish resident receives a state pension. Swedish Pensions Agency is responsible for pensions. People who have worked in Sweden, Lidkoping gay boyfriend relocated to another country, can also receive the Swedish pension. There are several types of pensions in Sweden: A person can receive a List of Sweeden states of the various types of pensions.
The total resident population of Sweden was 10, on 30 November The population density is The mountains and most of the remote coastal areas are almost unpopulated. Between andapproximately 1.
There are more than 4. There are no official statistics on ethnicity, but according to Statistics Sweden, around 3, The official language of Sweden is Swedish,   a North Germanic language, related and very similar to List of Sweeden states and Norwegianbut differing in pronunciation and orthography. Norwegians have little difficulty understanding Swedish, and Danes can also understand it, with slightly more difficulty than Norwegians.
The same List of Sweeden states for standard Swedish speakers, Match free trial Eslov find it far easier to understand Norwegian than Danish.
The dialects spoken in Scaniathe southernmost part of the country, are influenced by Danish because the region traditionally was a part of Denmark and is nowadays situated closely to it.
However, no official statistics are kept on language use. Along with Finnish, four other minority languages are also recognised: Swedish became Sweden's official language on 1 Julywhen a new language law was implemented. In varying degrees, Gay men Vallentuna Sweeden List of Sweeden states on frequency of interaction with English, a majority of Swedes, especially those born after World War II, List of Sweeden states and speak English, owing to trade links, the popularity of overseas travel, a strong Anglo-American influence and the tradition of subtitling rather than dubbing foreign television shows and films, List of Sweeden states the relative similarity of the two languages which makes learning English easier.
English became a compulsory subject for secondary school students studying natural sciences as early asand has been a compulsory subject for all Swedish students since the late s. Most students also study one and sometimes two additional languages.
These include but are not limited to German, French and Spanish. Some Danish and Norwegian is at times also List of Sweeden states as part of Swedish courses for native speakers. Because of the extensive List of Sweeden states intelligibility between the three continental Scandinavian languages Swedish speakers often use their native language when visiting or living in Norway or Denmark.
With Christianisation in the 11th century, the laws of the country changed, forbidding worship of other deities until the late 19th century. After the Protestant Reformation in the s, a change led by Martin Luther 's Swedish associate Olaus Petrithe authority of the Roman Catholic Church was abolished and Lutheranism became widespread.
Adoption of Lutheranism was completed by the Uppsala Synod ofand it became the official religion. During the era following the Reformation, usually known as the period of Lutheran orthodoxysmall groups of non-Lutherans, especially Calvinist Dutchmenthe Moravian Church and French Huguenots played a significant role in trade Zac brown band Ostersund industry, and were quietly tolerated as long as they kept a low religious profile.
With religious liberalisations in the late 18th century believers of other faiths, including Judaism and Roman Catholicismwere allowed to live and work freely in the country. However, until List of Sweeden states remained illegal for Lutherans to convert to another religion.
The 19th century saw the arrival of various evangelical free churchesand, towards the end of the century, secularismleading many to distance themselves from church rituals. Leaving the Church of Sweden became legal with the so-called dissenter law ofJakobsberg escort classified only under the provision of entering another Christian denomination.
The right to stand outside any religious denomination was formally established in the law on freedom of religion in Inthe Church of Sweden was disestablished. Sweden was the second Nordic country to disestablish its state church after Finland did so in the Church Act of At the end of Sinceonly children that are christened become members.
SomeSwedes are today members of various Evangelical Protestant free churches where congregation attendance is much higherand due to recent immigration, there are now someEastern Orthodox Christians and 92, Roman Catholics living in Sweden. The first Muslim congregation was established inwhen a small contingent of Tatars List of Sweeden states from Finland. Islam's presence in Sweden remained marginal until the s, when Sweden started to receive migrants from List of Sweeden states Balkans and Turkey.
Further immigration from North Africa and the Middle East have brought the estimated Muslim population toAccording to the Eurobarometer Poll. Sociology professor South girls naked List of Sweeden states claims that Swedes, despite a lack of belief in God, commonly question the term atheistpreferring to call themselves Christians while being content with remaining in the Church of Sweden.
Healthcare in Sweden is similar in quality to other developed nations. Sweden ranks in the top five countries with respect to low infant mortality. It also ranks high in life expectancy and in safe drinking water. A List of Sweeden states seeking care first contacts a clinic for a doctor's appointment, and may then be referred to a specialist by the clinic physician, who may in turn recommend either in-patient or out-patient treatment, or an elective care option.
The health care is governed by the 21 landsting of Sweden and is mainly funded by taxes, with nominal fees for patients. Children aged 1—5 years old are guaranteed a place in a public kindergarten Swedish: Between the ages of 6 and 16, children attend compulsory comprehensive school.Escorts Logan Lerum
The school system is largely financed by taxes. The Swedish government treats public and independent schools equally  og introducing education vouchers in as one of the first countries in the world after the Netherlands. Anyone can establish a List of Sweeden states school and Massage Sweeden beach Gavle municipality must pay new schools the same amount as municipal schools.
School lunch is free for all students in Sweden, and providing breakfast is also encouraged. There are a number of different universities and colleges in Swedenthe oldest and largest of which are situated in UppsalaLundGothenburg and Stockholm.
The large influx of immigrants og Swedish schools has been cited as a significant part of the reason why Sweden has dropped more than any other European country in the international PISA rankings. Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of Swedenand in recent centuries the country has been transformed from a nation of net emigration, ending after World War I, to a nation of net immigration, from World War II onwards.
The economic, social, Sweeeden political aspects of immigration have Outcall massage queens Solna controversy regarding ethnicity, economic benefits, jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobilitycrime, and voting behaviour. There are no Online Falkoping chat room numbers on the ethnic Sweede of migrants and their descendants in Sweden lf the Swedish government does not base any statistics on ethnicity.
This is, however, not to List of Sweeden states confused with the migrants' national backgroundswhich are recorded. In addition,persons were born in Sweden to two og born abroad and anotherpersons had one parent born abroad List of Sweeden states the other parent born in Sweden.
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The ten largest groups List of Sweeden states foreign-born persons in the Swedish civil registry in were from: According to an official investigation by The Swedish Pensions Agency on order Sweedden the government, the immigration to Sweden will double the state's expenses for pensions to the population.
The total immigration to Sweden for will be roughly people, and after that individuals every year. In total seven Nobel Prizes in Literature have been awarded to Swedes. In the s—s, the filmmaker Ingmar Bergman and Sweedne Greta Garbo and Ingrid Bergman became internationally noted people within cinema.
Throughout the s and List of Sweeden states Sweden was seen as an international leader in what is now Lis to List of Sweeden states the " sexual revolution ", with gender equality having particularly been promoted. The image of "hot love and cold people" emerged. Sexual liberalism was seen as part of modernisation process that by breaking down traditional borders would lead to the emancipation of natural forces and desires.
Sfates 1 MaySweden repealed its "registered partnership" List of Sweeden states and fully replaced them with gender-neutral marriage Sweden also offers domestic partnerships for both same-sex and opposite-sex couples. Cohabitation sammanboende by couples of all ages, including teenagers as well as elderly couples, is widespread.
As ofSweden is experiencing a baby boom. Historical re-creations of Norse music have been attempted based on instruments found in Viking sites. The instruments used were the lur a sort of trumpetsimple string instruments, wooden flutes and drums. Sweden has a significant folk-music scene.
There is Sami music, called the joikwhich is a type of chant which is part of the traditional Sami animistic spirituality. Sweden also has a prominent choral music tradition.
Out of a population of 9. Inwith over million dollars in revenue, Sweden was the third-largest music exporter in List of Sweeden states world and surpassed only by the US and the UK.
During the last sixty years or so it has attained a remarkably high artistic standard, stimulated by domestic as well List of Sweeden states external influences and experiences. Before the 13th century almost all buildings were made of timber, but a shift began towards stone. Early Swedish stone buildings are the Romanesque churches on the country.
As so happens, many of them were built in Scania and are in effect Danish churches. Cathedrals in other parts of Sweden were also built as seats of List of Sweeden states bishops. The Skara Cathedral is of bricks from the 14th century, and the Uppsala Cathedral in the 15th. Around Sweden was out of the Middle Ages and united under King Gustav Vasa, who immediately initiated grand mansions, castles and fortresses to Massage orinda Koping built.
Some of the more magnificent List of Sweeden states the Kalmar fortress, the Gripsholm Castle and the one at Vadstena. In the next two centuries, Sweden was designated Sqeeden Baroque architecture and later the rococo. Notable projects from that time include the List of Sweeden states Karlskrona, which has List of Sweeden states also been declared a World Heritage Site and the Drottningholm Palace. The style came to dominate in the following decades.
Some notable projects of this kind were the Million Programmeoffering affordable living in large apartment complexes. The Ericsson Globe is the Kid friendly hotels in phuket Sweeden hemispherical building on Earth, Shaped like a large white ball, and took two and a half years to build.
It's located in Stockholm. Swedes are among the greatest consumers of newspapers in the world, and nearly every town is served by a local paper. The two largest evening tabloids are Aftonbladet social democratic and Expressen liberal. The ad-financed, free international morning paper, Metro Internationalwas founded in Stockholm, Sweden.
The country's news is reported in English by, among others, The Local liberal. The public broadcasting companies held a monopoly on radio and television for a long time in Sweden. Licence funded radio broadcasts started in A second radio network was started in and a third opened in response to pirate radio stations. Non-profit community radio was allowed in and in commercial local radio started. The licence-funded television service was officially launched in A second channel, TV2was launched in These two channels operated by Sveriges Television since the late s held a monopoly shates the s when cable and satellite television became available.
The first Sundsvall star tranny language satellite service was TV3 which started broadcasting from London in In the government announced it would begin taking applications Sweecen private television companies wishing to broadcast on the terrestrial network. TV4, which had previously been broadcasting List of Sweeden states satellite, was granted a permit and began its terrestrial broadcasts inbecoming the first private channel to broadcast television content from within the country.
Around half the population are connected to cable television. Digital terrestrial television in Sweden started in and the last analogue terrestrial broadcasts were terminated in List of Sweeden states the conversion of the land to Christianity Sweeen AD, Sweden entered the Middle Agesduring which monastic writers preferred to use Latin.
Therefore, there are only a few texts in the Old Swedish from that period.
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Swedish literature only flourished when the Swedish language was standardised in the 16th century, a standardisation largely due to the full translation of the Bible into Swedish in This translation is the so-called Gustav Vasa Bible. With improved education and the freedom brought by secularisationthe 17th century saw several notable authors develop the Swedish language. Some key figures include Georg Stiernhielm 17th centurywho was the first to write classical poetry in Swedish; Johan Henric Kellgren 18th century List of Sweeden states, the first to write fluent Swedish prose; Carl Michael Bellman late 18th centurythe first writer of List of Sweeden states ballads; and August Strindberg late 19th centurya socio-realistic writer and playwright who won worldwide fame.
In recent decades, a handful of Swedish writers have established themselves internationally, including the detective novelist Henning Mankell and the writer of spy fiction Jan Guillou. The Swedish writer to have made the most lasting impression on world literature is the children's book writer Astrid Lindgren, and her books about Pippi LongstockingEmiland. Inthe second best-selling fiction author in the world was Stieg Larsson List of Sweeden states, whose Millennium series of crime novels is being published posthumously to critical acclaim.
Apart from traditional Protestant Christian holidaysSweden also celebrates some unique holidays, some of a pre-Christian tradition. The day of giver-of-light Saint Lucia13 December, is widely acknowledged in elaborate celebrations which betoken its Italian origin and commence the month-long Christmas season.
Furthermore, there are official flag day observances and a Namesdays in Sweden calendar. The Samione of Sweden's indigenous minorities, have their holiday on 6 February and Scania celebrate their Scanian Flag List of Sweeden states on the third Sunday in List of Sweeden states.
Swedish cuisine, like that of the other Scandinavian countries DenmarkNorway and Finlandwas traditionally simple. List of Sweeden states particularly herringmeat, potatoes and dairy products played prominent roles. Spices were sparse. Akvavit is a popular alcoholic distilled beverageand the drinking of snaps is of cultural importance. The traditional flat and dry crisp bread has developed into several contemporary variants.
Swedish traditional dishes, some of which are Meeting singles in mobile Ludvika hundreds of years old, are still an important part of Swedish everyday meals, in spite of the fact that modern-day Swedish cuisine adopts many international dishes.
Swedes have been fairly prominent in the film area through the years. These companies, however, List of Sweeden states composed largely of buyers who import fashionable goods from throughout Europe and America, continuing the trend of Swedish business toward multinational economic dependency like many of its neighbours.
Sport activities are a national movement with half of the population actively participating in organised sporting activities. The two main List of Sweeden states sports are football and ice hockey. Second to football, horse sports have the highest number of practitioners who are mostly women. The Swedish national men's ice hockey team, affectionately known as Tre Kronor English: Three Crowns ; the national symbol of Male escort gay Skovdeis regarded as one of the best in the world.
The team has won the World Championships nine times, placing them third in the all-time medal count. Tre Kronor also won Olympic gold medals in and InTre Kronor became the Kiruna backpage shemales national hockey team to win both the Olympic and world championships in the same year. The Swedish national football team has seen some success at List of Sweeden states World Cup in the past, finishing second Free pugs in Enkoping they hosted the tournament inand third twice, in and Due to its northerly latitude List of Sweeden states world class winter sports athletes have come from Sweden.
The following are links to international rankings of Sweden from selected research institutes and foundations including economic output and various composite indices. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Sweden disambiguation. For other uses of "Swedish" or the Swedish word "svensk a ", see Swedish disambiguation. Coat of arms. Du gamla, Iol dating Boras fria [b] Thou ancient, thou free.
Royal anthem: Show globe. Show map of Europe. Swedish Swede. The Swedish Sign Language also has a special status. Main article: Name of Sweden. History of Sweden. Prehistoric Sweden.
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See also: Modernization of Sweden and Swedish emigration to the United States. Main articles: History of Sweden —present. Geography of Sweden. Wildlife of Sweden.
Politics of Sweden. List of political parties in Sweden and Elections in Sweden. Counties of Sweden and Municipalities of Sweden. Further information: Subdivisions of Sweden and National Areas of Sweden.Website Chatting Online Ostersund Free
Judiciary Sweedej Sweden. Foreign relations of Sweden. Swedish Armed Forces and Law enforcement in Sweden. Economy of Sweden. Transport in Sweden. Nordic model and Social welfare in Sweden. Swedish inventions.
Taxation in Sweden. Social security in Sweden. Demographics of Sweden stated Swedes. Largest List of Sweeden states or towns in Sweden "Kommungruppsindelning ". Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 11 July Swedish language and Languages of Sweden.
Swedish dialects. Religion in Sweden. Education in Sweden. Immigration to Sweden. Crime in Sweden. Culture of Sweden.
List of Swedish regions by Human Development Index - Wikipedia
Music of Sweden. Architecture of Sweden. Media in Sweden. Swedish literature. Public holidays in Sweden. Swedish cuisine. Cinema of Sweden. Sport in Sweden. Sweden portal Arctic portal.
Royal Court of Sweden. Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 6 August Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 6 July International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme.
List of Sweeden states from the original on 22 December Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 10 November The Local.
Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 15 July Swedish Language Council. Archived from List of Sweeden states original on 6 February Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 9 June Moreover, people born in Sweden may not be ethnic Swedes.
List of Sweeden states
As the Swedish government List of Sweeden states not base Massage in Motala cost statistics on ethnicitythere are no exact numbers oc the ethnic background of migrants and their descendants in Sweden. This is not, however, to be confused with migrants' national backgroundswhich are recorded. Archived from the original on 12 June List of Sweeden states 7 April Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 1 September Select a state name to display list of the popular cities and places.
Find famouse or tourist places in Sweden with latitude and longitude of the places. Tourest places are divided into diferent category. Your views: Where in Sweden would you rather live? City or countryside? Opening a window on the Queer world. Related articles Rude name stops house selling for 1, days. Villagers lose Battle of Fjuckby. Fjuckby name stays the.
Residents of Fjuckby demand new. View sstates notices Post a new notice. Other countries Atlas. Administrative boards County regional councils. Statistical regions ISO codes for subdivisions. Stockholm County AC: Norrbotten County C: Uppsala County D: Kronoberg County H: Kalmar County I: Gotland County K: Blekinge County M: List of Sweeden states County O: Dalarna New Rasunda backpage personals X: Counties of Sweden.
Comparison with the provinces of Sweden Bold lines represent county borders, colors represent provinces.Cute 2 Year Anniversary Ideas For Boyfriend
Norra Sverige: Main article: National Areas of Sweden. Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 7 October